In this article
— You know why I don't like most manuals? Excessive formality and explanations of elementary things. I definitely won't, for the hundred and first time:
- juggle numbers and graphs to convince you to study.
Rank 1: Layout Designer
— Is the JS developer connected with the layout of websites? HTML and CSS are important tools in your professional toolkit. It is worth starting your journey with the development of these technologies. In the process of studying, you will realize that there are no miracles: the perfect arrangement of buttons, widgets, and other interface elements is the result of painstaking work and (often) reconciliation with the layout from the designer. Essentially, in IT, the profession of a layout designer is already outdated, so you will not find such a vacancy on the market.
- It will be good if your first HTML/CSS projects are not stored locally, but on Git; and
- It will be just perfect to figure out how the browser works.
Rank 2: Front-End Developer
- I strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with NPM, development methodologies (for example, BEM), and design patterns.
Rank 3: Advanced Front-End Developer
— And now we’re raising the stakes. You might say that the development of mankind is based on the accumulation of experience and the desire not to "reinvent the wheel." This is reflected in the frontend: it is why CSS and JS frameworks appeared. As a rule, a developer chooses one framework they like, understands the principles of its work, and then, based on parallels and similarities, acquires knowledge of other frameworks. The process is somewhat like learning new foreign languages.
- To avoid messing up the answer to a question about writing tests in an interview, get your hands on Jest, Mocha, and other similar frameworks without overlooking the testing pyramid;
- In a competitive environment like an interview, any trump card that you can play, such as experience with CI/CD, or WebPack, can be very valuable.
Rank 4: Full Stack Developer
— When Frontend developers began to feel constrained by the framework of the technologies they already knew, they decided to get into Node.js and AWS. You start with the basics like processes, threads, protocols, and modules. According to the current market situation, Frontend developers with Node.js and AWS knowledge are actually Full-Stack Developers, and are in high demand.
Cheat codes for passing the game
— Our game guide would not be complete without cheat codes: useful tips that would have simplified my life and that turned out to be useful for many of my colleagues. Here they are:
2. It is necessary to know English. No matter how technically strong a specialist is, it will be almost impossible to survive and advance in the IT industry without knowledge of English. Its status as the language of international communications is one hundred percent justified here: all communications with clients (from project interviews to correspondence and live communication), all project documentation, and all training materials will be in English. Therefore, if your level of English proficiency is not adequate, you need to solve this problem in advance.
3. You need to choose your training format based on your capabilities and available time. I learned the frontend on my own and did it over the summer, during my university years, between my third and fourth year. This approach will NOT work for those:
- Whose free time is otherwise occupied, for example, by other work;
- Who want to have a clear, structured training plan with deadlines and a defined end result; or
- Who are not confident in their self-discipline, or to whom process control is important.
If you fall into one of those categories, choosing to take courses is absolutely logical and avoids unnecessary risks.
4. Don’t hesitate to take advantage of any additional options for increasing your knowledge and improving your skills. Productive interaction with a mentor, gaining experience in trial interviews, attending conferences and webinars, participating in startups or open-source projects — these represent only a small fraction of what you can do to change your situation for the better and make your CV even more compelling. The sooner you identify and fill in your gaps, the sooner you will eliminate unnecessary stress during interviews with IT companies.
— That's it, game over. May you succeed!